Nginx Vhost – How To Block Exploits SQL Injections File Injections & Spam

The code below shows how we can block the most common exploits, SQL injections, file injections, spam and user agents. This configuration is far from being complete, but it’s a good starting point.

Edit your website nginx conf file on /etc/nginx/sites-available/example.com and add the code below.

<pre><code>## Block SQL injections
set $block_sql_injections 0;
if ($query_string ~ "union.*select.*\(") {
    set $block_sql_injections 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "union.*all.*select.*") {
    set $block_sql_injections 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "concat.*\(") {
    set $block_sql_injections 1;
}
if ($block_sql_injections = 1) {
    return 403;
}

## Block file injections
set $block_file_injections 0;
if ($query_string ~ "[a-zA-Z0-9_]=http://") {
    set $block_file_injections 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "[a-zA-Z0-9_]=(\.\.//?)+") {
    set $block_file_injections 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "[a-zA-Z0-9_]=/([a-z0-9_.]//?)+") {
    set $block_file_injections 1;
}
if ($block_file_injections = 1) {
    return 403;
}

## Block common exploits
set $block_common_exploits 0;
if ($query_string ~ "(<|%3C).*script.*(>|%3E)") {
    set $block_common_exploits 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "GLOBALS(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2})") {
    set $block_common_exploits 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "_REQUEST(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2})") {
    set $block_common_exploits 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "proc/self/environ") {
    set $block_common_exploits 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "mosConfig_[a-zA-Z_]{1,21}(=|\%3D)") {
    set $block_common_exploits 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "base64_(en|de)code\(.*\)") {
    set $block_common_exploits 1;
}
if ($block_common_exploits = 1) {
    return 403;
}

## Block spam
set $block_spam 0;
if ($query_string ~ "\b(ultram|unicauca|valium|viagra|vicodin|xanax|ypxaieo)\b") {
    set $block_spam 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "\b(erections|hoodia|huronriveracres|impotence|levitra|libido)\b") {
    set $block_spam 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "\b(ambien|blue\spill|cialis|cocaine|ejaculation|erectile)\b") {
    set $block_spam 1;
}
if ($query_string ~ "\b(lipitor|phentermin|pro[sz]ac|sandyauer|tramadol|troyhamby)\b") {
    set $block_spam 1;
}
if ($block_spam = 1) {
    return 403;
}

## Block user agents
set $block_user_agents 0;

# Don't disable wget if you need it to run cron jobs!
#if ($http_user_agent ~ "Wget") {
#    set $block_user_agents 1;
#}

# Disable Akeeba Remote Control 2.5 and earlier
if ($http_user_agent ~ "Indy Library") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}

# Common bandwidth hoggers and hacking tools.
if ($http_user_agent ~ "libwww-perl") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}
if ($http_user_agent ~ "GetRight") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}
if ($http_user_agent ~ "GetWeb!") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}
if ($http_user_agent ~ "Go!Zilla") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}
if ($http_user_agent ~ "Download Demon") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}
if ($http_user_agent ~ "Go-Ahead-Got-It") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}
if ($http_user_agent ~ "TurnitinBot") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}
if ($http_user_agent ~ "GrabNet") {
    set $block_user_agents 1;
}

if ($block_user_agents = 1) {
    return 403;
}</code></pre>

Download the script here on my github

Thank you for seeing my tutorial and fell free to share and comment 🙂 . Do you have a code snippet and you want to see it publish on my site ? I will be more than happy to do it please send me a message, (here)

ABOUT AUTHOR

Nuno

I am a Freelance Web Developer and WordPress Expert based in London with a wealth of website development and support experience. I am great at problem solving and developing quick solutions.

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